First, it would be helpful to know what is meant by “wood packaging” in the context of international plant health regulations. Wood packaging is defined as crates, boxes, packing cases, dunnage, pallets, cable drums, and spools/reels made from sawn lumber products. It notably excludes the following items:
- Wood packaging material made entirely from thin wood (6 mm or less in thickness)
- Wood packaging made wholly of processed wood material, such as plywood, particleboard, oriented strand board, or veneer that has been created using glue, heat or pressure, or a combination thereof
- Barrels for wine and spirit that have been heated during manufacture
- Gift boxes for wine, cigars, and other commodities made from wood that has been processed and/or manufactured in a way that renders it free of pests – sawdust, wood shavings, and wood wool
- Wood components permanently attached to freight vehicles and containers.
ISPM 15 compliant wood packaging is wood packaging that has been treated with a recognized treatment and labeled with the ISPM 15 internationally recognized mark.
ISPM 15 is the acronym for International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures #15. It was created by the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), a part of the United Nation’s Food and Agriculture Organization. The standard addresses the need to have wood packaging made with solid wood components treated using an approved method to reduce the risk of transmitting invasive non-native pests and pathogens that could potentially destroy forests. ISPM 15 requires that packaging which has been treated be labeled with a special internationally recognized trademark that certifies it has been properly treated. Recognized treatments include heat treating (HT) and fumigation with certain approved chemicals.